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SpecificationsSKU: 90474Size: 7″ x 9″ Portrait Pages: 336 Binding: Soft Bound Publication Date: Spring 2019 ISBN: 978-1-941806-95-1 Rights World: Available

Fronts: Military Urbanisms and the Developing World uncovers a growing geography of co-dependence between the global security complex and the urban morphologies of the developing world which it increasingly incriminates. Military training sites, and the real-world informal environments they replicate, provide a lens through which we can better understand the shape of the city to come.
While the world continues to urbanize, military doctrine has recently and dramatically shifted to view the world’s cities as suspect sites of potential aggression. As the majority of new urban life will manifest in informal development, the world is now more than ever explicitly divided in two camps—those who view the informal city as an opportunity, and those who view the informal city as a threat.

This paradigmatic shift has set the stage for impending conflict between security and development interests, which take the informal city as their site. Invisible agents affecting our built environment— informal architectural typologies, covert simulation strategies, the far-reaching planning mechanisms of global security, and their subversions by resistant populations—are deployed by competing factions in the hopes of gaining a tactical advantage and strategic stronghold. A kind of silent war is being waged over the future of informality, implicitly indicting a host of peaceful and vibrant developing cities as sites of possible security concern. The informal city is cast as a future and inevitable war zone – a Front in the struggle for global and personal security.

Ersela Kripa is an Assistant Professor at Texas Tech University College of Architecture. Stephen Mueller is a Research Assistant Professor at Texas Tech University College of Architecture.

Ersela Kripa and Stephen Mueller are founding partners of AGENCY, an interdisciplinary design practice engaging contemporary culture through architecture, urbanism, and advocacy. AGENCY leverages emerging technologies to investigate, visualize, and broadcast hidden conditions of inequity and injustice in the built environment, and designs tactical interventions to forge new publics and articulate new forms of public space.

Kripa and Mueller are recipients of the Rome Prize in Architecture from the American Academy in Rome, the Emerging Voices award from the Architectural League of New York, and are fellows of The MacDowell Colony and the New York Foundation for the Arts. AGENCY has been invited to exhibit internationally at the Venice Biennale, Storefront for Art and Architecture, the Hong Kong-Shenzhen Bi-City Biennale on Architecture and Urbanism, and others.


7" x 9" Portrait




Soft Bound

Publication date

Spring 2019



Rights world